College of Natural Sciences’ department of Meteorology and Hydrology along with Ethiopian Meteorological Society (EtMS) in a daylong symposium discussed vital climatic issues impacting Ethiopian climate in the globe and possible mitigation strategies. Click here to see the pictures.

College of Natural Sciences dean, Dr Alemayehu Hailemichael, opening the symposium, said, At this time, when Ethiopia is marching towards green economy, climate adaptation and mitigation strategies become vital if led by professionals accompanied with new-age knowledge. The association with Ethiopian Meteorological Society will pave the way for brighter future. 
Mr Assefa Derbew in his informative presentation on ‘El Niño and the current drought in Ethiopia,’ said, ‘‘When sea temperatures in the equatorial Pacific Ocean (at Niño 3.4 region) rise 0.5 degree Celsius above than the historical baseline for three months in a row can be termed as El Niño Year.’’
Going into specifics he explained how El Niño differs from La Niña and their impact on Ethiopian climate and world-over. Predicting future scenario, following the El Niño impact as it goes towards the stronger phase since December-February, he said, temperature will go up causing intense heat waves, extreme and erratic rainfall, floods and landslides. It will consequently trigger spread of communicable water and vector-borne diseases along with human and livestock mortality etc.
EtMS General Manager Mr Workneh Degefu speaking on international framework for Meteorology and Hydrology,’ said, though, the present scenario with regard to meteorology and hydrology is good and developing, but there is a lack of skilled manpower. Therefore, research initiatives need to be bolstered.
He revealed, EtMS is developing a project to bring about ‘Users Guideline for Meteorology and Hydrology,’ to be funded by Ministry of Science and Technology along with a global partner. It will enhance users’ knowledge and connect them with producers, which hasn’t been the case.
Though, the climate change is a new science yet global scenario is good, but when it comes to the regional and local level, extensive research is missing. Now Ethiopian Science Academy is compiling the works to give correct projection how different scenario works. 
He said, early warning system will be developed, it may be a global problem but we have to take global framework seriously and learn from other nations. And to address the impact of climate change advice of IPCC is being sought.
The prime motive of EtMS members’ visit is to strengthen Arba Minch branch, increase its membership and encourage AMU’s Meteorology and Hydrology students. It wants students to go for research that will enrich their professional profile and to contribute for the development of the subject, said EtMS President, Mr Tafesse Regassa.
The symposium evoked good response as it was attended by Meteorology and Hydrology students, instructors, expatriate staff and other university community members. The program was conducted by Meteorology & Hydrology Department head, Mr Mulugeta Genanu.

(By Corporate Communication Directorate: Philips Joseph)